Exercises 21 - 40 are on this page.

Exercises 1- 20

Exercises 21- 40

Exercses 41 - 60

Exercises 61-80

Exercises 81-100

Exercises 101 - 120

Exercises 121 - 140

Exercises 141 - 160

Exercises 161 - 180

Exercises 181 - 200

Exercises 201 - 240

Exercises 241 - 260

Exercises 261 - 300

Exercises 301 - 330




Exercise #21

Dream exercise: A commonly used creative writing exercise is to create biographies or back stories for each character in your piece. Try this variation: write the recurring dreams of your four most significant characters.

Exercise #22

Take a notebook and visit a place in your community at a time when it is not too busy.  A church or town hall when no meetings are going on would be good, or perhaps the lobby of an office building or a bus or train station on the week-end. Sit in an out of the way place, close your eyes and breathe slowly down from ten, trying to be as empty of thoughts as possible. Count slowly, and do it more than once if you want. When you feel quiet, open your eyes, pick up your notebook and write whatever comes to you.


Exercise #23

Write a dialog in which two people are discussing something very ordinary--what movie to see, who is going to win the championship-- but underlying the quotidian discussion is some serious conflict between them. Show what is going on under the surface.

Exercise #24

A person is choosing a gift for another person. What objects draw the gift giver? What thoughts and memories pass through his or her head? Does the giver reject the first several items? Or see the perfect thing immediately?


Exercise #25

 Write a real memory from your early life, if possible from before you started school. Emphasize physical description and sensation. Then, write an early memory that belongs someone else, perhaps one of your parents of a friend. Emphasize physical description and sensation in this other person's memory too


Exercise #26

Write a short monologue for a person (real or made up) who is extremely unlike yourself. That is, if you are an agnostic, write a monologue for a person who believes literally in the holy book of her or his religion. If you think you could never have an abortion, try writing the thoughts of a woman who thinks she absolutely must have one. Maybe even better, try imagining what it would be like to be desperate and pregnant if you are in real life a man!


Exercise #27

If you are having trouble with a writing project, try making up a dream in which your project is a building or a room in a building. This can be a very concrete way to work on the structure of your book. I often have dreams where the most important elements are rooms or structures. Since getting back from Italy, I've been having dreams that take place in the great spacious rooms of palazzos! This exercise is a way to try and get a large project like a novel or memoir into a single thing in your own mind– Not an easy goal for something that you write over months and years and hundreds of pages.


Exercise #28

Write a nonfiction or fiction scene that has a lot of people in it-- a crowd or a group. It could be a party, a church dinner, a class, a bar.  Describe the scene using the people as part of the setting: colorful clothes, or a mass of unfamiliar faces, etc. Don't forget the sounds and smells as well as the visual details


Exercise #29

Write a passage of physical action (a dance, someone is running to catch a plane, there is a fight or someone is trying to escape capture). In order to make the action crystal clear, desbribe what happens as if you were filming it using only one camera that is fixed in a single place. This will help organize the action so it is easy for a reader to visualize.


Exercise #30

In the photo below, what are the women doing? What are they saying to passers-by? What are they saying to one another? What are they thinking inside themselves?

Exercise #31

Write a character sketch, starting with someone you have once noticed and observed.
     1. Begin with a physical description. Try to include more senses than just the visual--how the person sounds, smells, the texture of their hair and skin, etc.
     2. Next, write a little about what you can't observe about the person from the outside. This can be facts--job, where the person lives, favorite movie, type of music, etc.
     3. Finally, drilling deeper, write some secret or dream of the person--something that perhaps no one knows

Exercise #32

Write down one end of a telephone conversation of someone in your family or a stranger. Given the ubiquity of cell phones, this should be easy to find.   Next, write the other half of the dialogue, making up the second person's words. Later, continue the dialogue with what came before it and what comes after....

Exercise #33

Draft a dialogue with food in it. This could be memoir writing or a new scene for some fiction you are working on. Are the people talking directly about the food or just ignoring it?   Do their words get garbled as they gobble, or do they just pick at the odd spear of asparagus and concentrate on talking? Try to make the food an active part of the dialogue--not the subject necessarily, but an important part of the scene.


Exercise #34

I am too short to see the top of the table. I stand on my tip toes. I see.....

Exercise #35

There is a famous scene in Tolstoy's epic novel War and Peace in which a direly wounded Russian character, Prince Andrei, is lying on the battlefield--and Napoleon rides by. (You can read the scene online at War and_Peace). Prince Andrei observes the leader of his enemies as he goes in and our of consciousness and hears him speak (all upper class Russians back then spoke French as easily as Russian).
    Try for yourself a scene from real life or in fiction when an ordinary person has an interaction with, or at least sees from a distance, some famous person. It can be anything from your first glimpse of a beloved athlete in the flesh to a fictional scene in which a historical figure-- the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista? -- tries to pick up your main character in a bar in Portugal?




Exercise #36

One of the important things in good prose writing is to have more than one thing happening at once. In this exercise, describe a kiss, taking your time and trying to visualize the action clearly and precisely. However-- have something else going on at the same time.  Maybe one person is thinking of a different boyfriend, or perhaps someone's leg is falling asleep, or maybe one person is worried about the garlic pizza he had for dinner.....


Exercise #37

A character (or you, if you are writing memoir) thinks about a fear. This could be something practical, like the upcoming results of a medical test, or something vague and indefinite...


Exercise #38

Describe a minor character in your memoir or fiction focussing on showing character through clothes, as in this paragraph from a Jean Stafford Story called "The Tea Time of Stouthearted Ladies," available in The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford.

Every morning, as the girls and the wranglers drowsed through their breakfast of flapjacks and side meat, Miss Skeen appeared in the outer doorway of the kitchen, a homicidal German shepherd at her side (his name was Thor and he lived up to it; he had bitten many ankles and had abraded countless others), and boomed through the screen, “Howdy, pardners!” Miss Skeen, a tall and manly woman, combined in her costume the cork helmet of the pukka sahib, the tweed jacket of the Cotswold squire, the close-fitting Levi’s and the French-heeled boots of the wry American cowboy, and the silver and turquoise jewelry of the colorful Southwestern aborigine. Her hair was short, her face was made of crags, she spoke in a Long Island basso profundo....


Exercise #39

A character (or yourself for memoir) is looking into the refrigerator of someone rather unfamiliar. What can the character learn about the other person by observingthe contents of the refrigerator? What can the character learn about her or his own feelings toward the owner of the refrigerator?


Exercise #40

You are having your cards read. You receive "The Empress." The card reader expresses amazement and tells you the following.....


Exercise #40

Your character (or, if you are writing memoir, you or another person) goes to a religious service. If the person is, for example, a deeply believing, Christian, this service might have profound, worshipful meaning.   How would the same character feel at a Christian worship service that is very different from what he or she is accustomed to? Or what about a different character, perhaps a sceptic?   You can learn a lot about a character (or yourself) by reactions to religious ceremonies.


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